What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disorder in which your blood glucose level or sugar level elevates from a normal point. Normally, the sugar level of human blood is 70-100mg/dL, and during diabetes, there is an elevation in blood glucose level, and the value becomes more than 125mg/dL. In the human body, glucose comes from the food we eat. Glucose in the human body is controlled by insulin, which secretes from the liver. Insulin and Glucagon are the two most important chemicals that control glucose levels in the human body. When anyone of them is disturbed, there will be some disturbance in glucose level. When there is a problem with insulin, there is an increase in glucose levels. This level affects the human body.
There are three main and common types of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. Our immune system attacks and destroys cells of our pancreas like beta cells which are key for producing insulin. Due to their destruction, beta cells will be unable to produce insulin. This type is not too common and only 10% of the population.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this type of diabetes, cells of your body become strong and resistive to insulin and not break the sugar. An increase in the amount of sugar in the body makes you diabetic. It is the most common type of diabetes.
This type of diabetes can occur in pregnancy. High levels of sugar firm and store in the blood of pregnant females. Placentas of females produce insulin blocking hormones an increased level of sugar. This type is only in females because of placenta and pregnancy.
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes
In Type 1, there is a problem in forming insulin in the human body Type 2 Diabetes. Your insulin does not function well, or there is less insulin in the body. Glucose stays in the Human body due to less insulin and causes Prediabetes. A person with Prediabetes is at high risk of taking Type 2 Diabetes. A high level of glucose in the blood can cause serious problems in the human body. It can affect your nerves, heart, brain, and kidney. This may cause you many heat problems that may lead to heatstroke and cardiac Infarction. Another type of diabetes that may be caused in Pregnant women is called gestational diabetes. Many types of blood tests can show you the value of glucose in the blood. One type of test is the A1C.
As we have discussed above that there are three common types of diabetes. So, the causes of each type are different from one another.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
No one knows the exact causes and reasons for type 1 diabetes, but some doctors say that it can be caused by the attack of the immune system on insulin-producing beta cells of pancreases and cause their destruction. This is one of the reasons given by some researchers. Some people think that there might be the involvement of genes that can distract the immune system from its path and attacks Beta cells.
Causes of Type 2 diabetes
It is the most common of all types of diabetes and can be run in families. It can be caused by factors linked to genetics and lifestyle. You can get this type of diabetes after getting fats and overweight. Due to having wright and fats cells, your body's cells become resistant to insulin and unable to break sugar and boost levels in the body. Most families have a history of the heavy body and high sugar levels.
Causes of Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is the aftereffect of hormonal changes during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones that make a pregnant mother's cells less delicate with the impacts of insulin. This can cause high glucose during pregnancy. Females who are overweight when they get pregnant or become obese during their pregnancy can get gestational diabetes.
General Symptoms of Diabetes
You can get symptoms of diabetes after a high level of sugar in the blood. Some general symptoms of diabetes areas:
- Tense and fatigue in the whole body.
- Loss of weight
- Problems with vision
- Urination in a short time.
- Hunger and thirst.
- Sores sometimes maybe a sore throat.
- Stress and anxiety.
Some symptoms are specific for men. Some of the symptoms of diabetes in men are:
- Reduction in sex drive and power.
- Poor and weak muscle contraction.
- Erectile dysfunction.
- Low level of testosterone.
Some of the specific symptoms of diabetes in women are:
- UTIs (Urinary tract infections)
- Itchy and dry skin.
- Acne etc.
- Yeast infections.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Some of the symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes are:
- Boosted thirst and hunger.
- Low level of activities in the body.
- Weight reduction.
- Fatigue and tension
- A decrease in vision.
- Mood changes frequently.
- Symptoms of debates Mellitus are:
- Sores with too low healing power.
- Urination and fatigue.
- Vision reduction.
It might likewise cause repeating diseases. This is because raised glucose levels make it harder for the body to mend.
How to prevent Diabetes?
You cannot prevent Type 1 diabetes because it is usually caused by the problem of your immune system. A few reasons for type 2 diabetes, for example, your qualities or age, are not heavily influenced by you all things considered. However numerous other diabetes risk factors are controllable. Most diabetes avoidance procedures include making straightforward acclimations to your eating regimen and wellness schedule.
- If you have been determined to have prediabetes, here are a couple of things you can do to reduce the risks of type l and type 2 diabetes:
- Cut soaked and trans fats, alongside refined starches, out of your eating routine.
- Eat more modest parts.
- Eat more natural products, vegetables, and entire grains Eat more natural products, vegetables, and entire grains.
- Try to lose 7 percent of your body weight in case you are overweight.
- Get at any rate 150 minutes out of every seven days of oxygen-consuming activities, for example, strolling or cycling.
By following these techniques and methods of exercise, you can prevent risk factors of early symptoms of diabetes. Diabetes can be prevented by these exercises and proper routine in life.
Good foods for Diabetics
Some foods are good for diabetics and you can take them frequently to get a healthy body and able to fight the disease. Some are:
- Fatty Fish
- Leafy Greens
- Chia seeds
- Greek Yogurt.
- Extra virgin olive oil
- Flax seeds
- Apple cider vinegar oil
These foods have low sugar and can boost the level of your insulin concertation in the body. They can make you strong and healthy with their nutritional components and low sugar amount.
Foods to avoid in Diabetes
Foods with a high amount of carbohydrates and sugar can be harmful to you during diabetes. You will have to avoid them. Foods to avoid in diabetes mellitus are:
- Fruit flavored yogurt.
- Pasts, rice, and bread.
- Maple syrup.
- Agave nectar
- Dried fruit
- Sugar-based beverages
- Trans fats and Artificial fats.
- Sweet cereals
- Fruits with more sugar
- Juices with sugar.
These foods can boost the level of sugar in the blood and can cause a disturbance in the normal function of beta cells of the pancreas. You should have to avoid these foods and prevent severe symptoms of diabetes mellitus.
How to manage Diabetes: Treatments and Suggestions
If anyone wants to manage their diabetes, he must know about blood sugar level, know rise, and fall in sugar level. He must know how to manage it properly and what is the treatments for it. Sugar levels depend on many things. You can manage it by controlling many things and take your life to a very different living standard.
- You must know which type of food elevates your body sugar. It would help if you avoided those things.
- Do not take foods with high levels of carbohydrates. You must know the number of carbohydrates in the food which you are eating. Never take food with high sucrose, glucose, etc. Do to take beverages and alcohol with high sugars.
- Take a well-balanced and manage diet.
- Take proper exercise and stay active. It helps you to burn your body extra fats and glucose and keep them at an optimum limit. It would be best if you had a proper plan for your exercise. It is a must for an adult to do 150 minutes' walk in a week.
- Do not live a sedentary life and always do a good walk after each meal. Take proper medication to control your sugar level within a proper limit.
- Medication and proper managements are a must to control your body from a high level of sugar and many dangerous effects. Do hard work daily and burn your extra things.
- Do not take stress as it disturbs your mind and elevates sugar.
- Make a proper plan and management for the menstrual and menopause period as it causes an increase in sugar. You must note your menstrual pattern. Must note your days and sugar level during these days. If elevation, you must have to change your diet plan and exercise, etc.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is banana being good for diabetes?
Yes, banana is good for diabetes. Bananas have a low GI score, and this fruit to be an appropriate choice for diabetics.
Is honey good for diabetes?
No, honey has a high level of sugar and can be harmful to you. So, please avoid honey and other sugar-based food to get rid of diabetes.
Is papaya good for diabetes?
Yes, you can eat papaya during diabetes because it is beneficial for you to reduce cardiovascular disorders effects, heart diseases, and many other health problems. It can also reduce the effects and symptoms of diabetes.
What is the difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes mellitus happens because of insulin opposition or insulin lack and resulting in high blood glucose levels. Diabetes Insipidus then again creates because of the unnatural creation of a hormone in the mind, which is delivered to stop the kidneys creating such a huge amount of urine to hold water.
Can diabetes be cured?
You can cure type 1 and gastro diabetes but there is no remedy for type 2 diabetes. Many studies show that certain individuals can cure it by eating routine changes and weight reduction. You might have the option to reach and hold ordinary glucose levels without medication. This does not mean you are restored.
Are fruits good for diabetes patients?
Yes, fruits can boost your immune system, but you should have to prevent fruits with high fibers and sugars.
Which fruits are good for diabetes patients?
Some good foods for diabetic patients are:
Diabetes insipidus is caused by issues with a chemical or hormone called vasopressin (AVP), which is also called antidiuretic hormone (ADH). AVP is form and store by the hypothalamus and in the pituitary organ until required. The nerve centre is a zone of the cerebrum that controls the state of mind and hunger.
How to diagnose diabetes?
Diabetes is diagnosed with fasting sugar blood tests or with A1c blood tests, also known as glycated haemoglobin tests. A fasting blood sugar test is performed after you have had nothing to eat or drink for at least eight hours.
The Bottom Line
We have discussed all the aspects related to diabetes like causes, types, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, and FAQs linked with diabetes. You can get enough knowledge about diabetes and answers to your question after reading this article. If you are not taking care of yourself, diabetes can be a threat to you and cause death. Take care of yourself and live a healthy and fit life. A balanced diet and exercise are the keys to living a good and healthy life.